The state has a predominance of Kanuri people. Other ethnic groups such as Lamang, Babur/Bura and Marghi are also found in the southern part of the state. Shuwa Arabs are mainly the descendants of Arab people and is an example of the endurance of traditional political institutions in some areas of Africa, where the emirs of the former Kanem-Bornu Empire have played a part in the politics of this area for nearly 1,000 years. The current Kanemi dynasty gained control of the Borno Emirate in the early 19th century after the Fulani jihad of Usman dan Fodio. Conquered by Rabih in 1893, Borno was invaded by the British, French and Germans at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1902, the British officially incorporated Borno into the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and established a new capital at Maiduguri or Yerwa in 1907, which remains the capital to this day.
After Nigerian independence in 1960, Borno remained fairly autonomous until the expansion of the number of states in Nigeria to 12 in 1967. Local government reform in 1976 further reduced the power of the emirs of the former dynasty, and by the time of Nigeria's return to civilian rule in 1979, the emirs' jurisdiction has been restricted solely to cultural and traditional affairs. The emirs still exist, and serve as advisers to the local government. Mala Kachallah was elected governor of Borno State in 1999 under the flagship of the then APP (All Peoples Party) later ANPP. Ali Modu Sheriff was elected governor of Borno State in Nigeria in April 2003. He is a member of the All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP). Ali Sheriff was the first governor in Borno state to win the seat two consecutive times.
Boko Haram's insurgency began in 2009, with Borno being the worst-affected area. On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in northeastern Nigeria, including Borno State along with the neighboring states of Adamawa and Yobe. This happened after fighting between Boko Haram and the state armed forces killed 200 people in the town of Baga. A spokesman for the armed forces declared that the offensive would continue "as long as it takes to achieve our objective of getting rid of insurgents from every part of Nigeria.
In July 2014, Borno State governor Kashim Shettima said that "176 teachers had been killed and 900 schools destroyed since 2011." After the Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping in April 2014, most schools in Borno State were closed. They were scheduled to reopen in November 2014.
In November 2014, UNICEF reported it has increased its Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) centres in Borno State "from 5 to 67 and is planning to increase this to 100." In Borno State, the agricultural sector has suffered mostly because of the insurgency and many people experienced acute food insecurity.
The borno State government house serves as the Official home to the state governor or chief state executive of the state and their families. It is the official venue for events such as the state's executive council meetings, government conferences, swearing in of cabinet members and of course the Governor's official business. It can also be used as receptions and functions hosted by individuals; some arms of the state government also have offices at the state government house
Maiduguri is the principal trading hub for north-eastern Nigeria. Its economy is largely based on services and trade with a small share of manufacturing.
Maiduguri is home to three markets which include an ultra-modern "Monday market" that has a spectacular satellite image view.
The city has an appealing layout, with wide, well maintained streets, sidewalks and flood management ditches. Electricity is provided by grid connections, solar power and by generators. The values of land and properties are high. A 2009 survey of property markets in Nigeria positioned Maiduguri as the third most expensive for buying and renting in after Abuja and Lagos.
A journalist who described local commerce wrote that "on the edge of the city, never-ending lines of lorries spend days waiting to take their cargoes to Dikwa and beyond to neighboring Cameroon.
"Transport of goods to land-locked countries such as Chad, Central African Republic and Sudan" has suffered due to road ambushes.
Rural-urban migration to Maiduguri, combined with migration from Chad, Niger and Cameroon, has led to increases in poverty and unemployment.
Firewood gathering is a source of income for newer residents who have been displaced by violence, and the harvest shortfalls resulting from climate change. Members of Maiduguri's official Association of Firewood Sellers provide labor for tree replanting efforts.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
Here are the 27 Local Government Areas in Borno State:
Kwaya Kusar Mafa
- Oil and gas
1. Groundnut Farming
2. Motor Bike and Tricycle Sale and Repair Shop
3. Transportation Business
4. Football Viewing Centre
5. Cattle Ranch
6. Tomato Processing Plant
7. Onion Farming Business
8. Electronics Shop
9. Water Refill Station
10. Mechanic Workshop
- Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri.
- University of Maiduguri. Bama Road,
- Worldplus International.
- Kashi Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri.
- Umar Ibn Ibrahim EL-Kanemi College of Education.
Kela Garu Community project Dikwa LGA, Borno CSDP Skills Acquisition Center
Kareto Community Poject Mobbar LGA, Borno CSDP Construction of Market stall
Borno CSDP micro project Drilling of 65m Solar powered Borehole at Fulatari Community, Dikwa Local Government Area.
Borno CSDP micro project One block of two classroom and staff office at Whuntaku Community, Chibok Local Government Area.
Borno CSDP micro project Construction of 325m Drainage at Ngouro Gudiye Community, Dikwa Local Government Area.
Home of Peace
Babagana Umara Zulum
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